information of  Domenico Starna (Roma)
deck "Tarocco Siciliano" (Italy) 

The game was brought to Sicily by Francesco Caetani (1594 1683) duke of Sermoneta (near Roma) in 1663 from other italian towns. He was governor of Milano in 1660 1662, viceroy of Sicily in 1663 1667. The Triumphs follow rather the ordering of Bologna Tarot. They have an order different from Piemontese and Marseille Tarot. The Triumphs (in sicilian I Trunfi, sing. U Trunfu) are identified with their number, only five are called with their names. The Triumphs from 16 to 20 are called Arie (Airs). The Popess and the Pope were eliminated; the Miseria, or Poverta, (Poverty) and the Constancy were added. The Poverty is the lowest Triumph but it has not the advantages of the Triumph 1. The Devil was replaced by the Ship. The Fool is called the Fugitive, because it does not partecipate in a trick; it is not playable by the first in a trick. The Tower is without a lightning. The Triumph 1 is called I Picciotti (pronounced ee Pee cchee ottee), in sicilian dialect it means I Giovanotti, The Young Men, in the card we see the Magician with two young men. In modern italian it has also a second different meaning: assistants of the mafiosi. The Jacks are Women. The pictures cards and the Triumphs are entire not symmetric. But the expert players know them also turned upside down by some details. The numeral cards 1, 2, 3, 4, were eliminated except the 4 of Coins. It is written the suit: O for Oro (Gold, Coins), C for Coppe (Cups), B for Bastoni (Batons) but the sicilians call they Mazze, S for Spade (Swords). In Sicily the Coins are called Denari (Denier in french) or Oro (Oros in spanish). In all the suits the rank is the same K, Q, C, W, 10, 9 ... In 1862 the Ace Coins was added to put a stamp until 1972 when the Imposta Valore Aggiunto (Value Added Tax, proportional tax in percentage) was introduced, but the used cards are always 63. Normally there are three players, with 20 cards each and 3 for the Monte. These cards are smaller than in the other tarot decks, difficult to handle. The cards Tarocchino Bolognese have the same narrowness but they are 20 mm higher.

Now only the brand Modiano prints this deck (WWPCM05236), but it changed the Old Man with hourglass (Time) in Old Man with a lamp (Hermit), but this mistake is not important for the game, it is always the Triumph 12. The english philosopher Michael Dummett wrote a book in 1995 with the different rules used by the last players present in some villages of Sicily. But only the last sicilian players are able to put 20 little cards together divided in columns by suits in a hand.

As in other Tarots, the highest points value, here 9 points, are for 3 Triumphs: Fugitive, Picciotti and Giove, no points for Miseria. Star Moon Sun and Ball worth 4 points each, as the K. Q, C and J worth 3, 2 and 1 points. Discard and each trick worth 1 point, the last 6. But the players prefer to count the points each 3 cards. Examples: K and 2 low cards worth 5 points (4 for K, 1 for trick); Giove and 2 low cards 10 points; 3 K worth 13 points (4 for each K, 1 for trick; they say 5 + 4 + 4); 5 points for the last trick. Total points in a game are 109. If a team has the Fugitive and the other team has the 2 cards of the same trick, it is possible at the end this situation: a team with 54 points and 2 low cards, the other team 54 points and 1 low card; the winner is the first team as 55 points. In Mineo they say: the Rimatura is won with 54 points and 2 low cards or with much more points, it is the same.

In the little village Mineo (Catania), in the Circolo Di Cultura Luigi Capuana (in 2005 remain only 4 old players) and in the Centro Anziani (Center old persons), in each game there is a Solista against 2 Partners. A Round has 3 Fagliate (Scartate in Bolognese Tarot, Smazzate in italian, deals with 20 tricks) so each player is dealer once. At the beginning each player may choose pass or Solo, if 3 players pass there is a new deal with the next dealer. The Solista takes the 3 cards of Monte, he shows them; the Discard (Scarto) called Faglio of 3 cards is not showed (no K, no Triumphs). In the first trick the Solista is the last player. After the first trick, the conversation of the 2 Partners in dialect has typical expressions. If a Partner is the first in the trick he may ask what the other wants: little or big triumph, the same or other suit of the preceding trick, new new suit (it means Coins) or Faglio (the suit discarded from the Solista), gioco (game, in this case, means low card) o sempre (or always, in this case, means the highest in the suit). At the end of each Fagliata there is 1 stake called Gioco (Game) or Pietra (Stone), as Fiche (Chip), for the counting points, called Rimatura, and 1 stake for the last trick, called Vanto. There are other possible stakes at the end. 1 stake for each Pigliata (Taken) when each of the Triumphs 1, 16, 17, 18, 19 is conquered by the opponent team. 1 stake for the Arie (Airs) with the four Triumphs 16, 17, 18, 19 together and 2 stakes with also the Triumph 20. 1 stake for the four K together. At the beginning the Solista may declare Scommessa (Bet) for 1 stake if he has at the end Fugitive, Picciotti and Giove. At the beginning a Partner may double the bet Vanto to 2 stakes for the last trick but only if he did not partecipate to say Solo or pass, he was not expressed; he says: Mi Rivanto, it means: he has not Giove, but if he has Giove he says: Mi Vanto always with doubled bet of 2 stakes. Example: Player A pass, Player B Solo, so only Player C may say Mi Rivanto or Mi Vanto. Note: for each 1 stake is attributed 1 stake to each Partner and 2 stakes to Solista, the sum of the stakes is always zero. If the Solista wins Rimatura and Vanto he has + 4 stakes, Partner A has 2 stakes as Partner B - 2 stakes. If the Solista wins Rimatura and Partners win Vanto the game is null. Also in Mineo game it is very important to take the last trick, this is the characteristic more interesting; it is good to have a triumph in the last trick and no triumph for the opponent team.

In Barcellona (Messina), in the Associazione Culturale Corda Fratres (in latin it means Hearths Brothers) but not more in the Centro Anziani (where they play with 40 Piacentine cards) and in Tortorici (Messina) they play Tarocco with different rules. At the end of each game they count the points taken only, not other combinations. In Barcellona the third player may choose also to play the game each for himself, with no Partners and no conversation; Triumph 1 is called I Picciriddi (I Piccoli, I Ragazzi; The Little, The Boys). In Tortorici if the three players pass, they play this game each for himself.

See the previous decks of the Sicilian Tarot where the Triumph 12 has a hourglass (Time) and not a lamp: 
1. deck Concetta Campione, since 1930 to 1975, WWPCM05239
Concetta Campione made Tarocco Siciliano since 1930 to 1975. Concetta was a typical first female name of South Italy, Campione is a surname, family name.
The Triumph 12 Old Man has a hourglass (Time) and not a lamp.
2. deck La Fortuna, Century XIX, WWPCM05237
The Triumph 12 Old Man has a hourglass (Time) and not a lamp.
3.  deck Lorenzo Di Lorenzo, Century XIX, WWPCM05235
The Triumph 12 Old Man has a hourglass (Time) and not a lamp. 
4. deck Tuzzolino, Century XVIII WWPCM05238
In the Triumph Poverty it seems to read POVERTA and not Miseria. Miseria means extreme poverty.
The Triumph 12 Old Man has an hourglass (Time) and not lamp. The Triumphs have roman numbers.
In the Coins it is written D for Denari. In Sicily they can say Denari (Denier in french) or Oro (Oros in spanish), for example otto di Denari or otto d'Oro (height of Coins, or eight of   Gold). In the pictures we read: RD Re di Denari (K Coins), nothing in Regina di Denari (Q Coins), CD Cavallo di Denari (Cavallo means Horse, C Coins), DD Donna di  Denari (Woman, J Coins).

The same brand stamps the Sicilane Cards, 40 playing cards, with the same dimensions and same back but with a little different pictures, see WWPCM01214.
See the Tarocco Bolognese WWPCM04910 and the Minchiate Fiorentine WWPCM05115.
Triumphs (Trionfi) with the corrispondence to the Piemontese (WWPCM02970) and Marseille Tarot:

italian dialect Piemontese
J Il Fuggitivo (Il Matto, Il Folle) U Fuiutu The Fugitive (The Fool) 0
P Poverta, Miseria
1 I Picciotti, I Giovanotti (Il Bagatto) I Picciotti The Young Men (The Magician) 1
2 L'Imperatrice
The Empress 3
3 L'Imperatore
The Emperor 4
4 La Costanza
The Constancy
5 La Temperanza
The Temperance 14
6 La Forza
The Fortitude 11
7 La Giustizia
The Justice 8
8 L'Amore
The Love 6
9 Il Carro
The Chariot 7
10 La Ruota della Fortuna
The Wheel of Fortune 10
11 L'Impiccato
The Hanged Man 12
12 Il Vecchio (Il Tempo), L'Eremita
The Old Man (The Time),
The Hermit
13 La Morte
The Death 13
14 La Nave
The Ship
15 La Torre
The Tower 16
16 La Stella
The Star 17
17 La Luna
The Moon 18
18 Il Sole U Sole The Sun 19
19 La Palla (Il Mondo, Atlante) La Badda The Ball (The World, Atlas) 21
20 Giove (Il Giudizio) U Giove Jupiter (The Judgement) 20