"Il Meneghello" (Italy)
deck "Minchiate Fiorentine", 1986
Full deck (97 cards), dimension 56x96 mm.
leaflet (in italian), pages:
gift and information of Domenico Starna (Roma):
This is a reproduction of the Minchiate used in card games in Florence, designed in circa 1820
and printed after 1862. In the Ace Coins there is a stamp obligatory for the decks by a law of 1862.
In the stamp it is written Regno d'Italia (Kingdom of Italy). The nation Italy was made by Savoia
(House of Savoy) in 1861, the Kingdom ended in 1946 but the colour azzurro (blue), border of coat
of arms Savoy in the old flag, remains for national teams shirts.
The cards are similar to the Minchiate of 1725 with stronger colours, see WWPCM05115 (1725) with
The Triumph 2 or Pope 2, The Empress, becomes a masculine picture, The Empress or The
Grand Duke, but it is called always 2 or Pope 2.
In the Ace of Coins there is a coat of arms of Florence, the red florentine iris colorless. The name
Firenze comes from latin Florentia, from flos-floris, it means flower. In the Middle Ages the symbol
was the white iris. At 1250 there was war between the Black Guelphs, winners, against the White
Guelphs with the Ghibellines. These took the white iris with red background. Then the Black
Guelphs changed the colours of Florence to the red iris with white background. The iris has many
variants, iris florentina white veined blue, iris pale blue violet, iris germanica dark violet. The
soccer, football team players of Florence have the violet shirts, violet is the colour of the supporters.
The strongest Triumph, Trumpets, has not the coat of Medici Family extinct in 1737 but the iris
and a latin written FAMA VOLAT, The Fame flies.
The strongest triumphs, XXXIII and following, have a red background.
See the rule in german, Dresden 1798, http://www.tarock.info/Minchiatta.htm and in italian, in
the note 940 in a book of the poet burlesque Perlone Zipoli (anagram of Lorenzo Lippi, 1606-1664)
with notes of his friend Puccio Lamoni (anagram of Paolo Minucci),